**Nature and Perceptions of Pre-Class Tasks Used in a Flipped Linear Algebra Course for Pre-Service Teachers**

**NG Wee Leng, TEO Kok Ming, WONG Khoon Yoong, and KWAN Kang Ling**

#### National Institute of Education

Nanyang Technological University

Singapore

Published in The Mathematician Educator, 2020, Vol 1, No. 2, pp 83-101.

### Abstract

In recent years, computer-based technology has enabled university lecturers to teach their courses using non-traditional pedagogies. One such pedagogy is the flipped learning model. As flipped learning is being used more frequently to teach undergraduate mathematics, instructors need to collect data to identify practices that work well to promote student mathematics achievement and favourable perceptions toward this new learning mode. This paper describes six different types of pre-class tasks for a flipped Linear Algebra II course in a Singapore university, such as short videos narrated by the instructor, synopses, summary sheets, worksheets of problems and activities, and online quizzes. The sample comprised 15 preservice teachers, who had adequate to good mathematics backgrounds, and their participation in this project would prepare them to implement flipped learning in school mathematics in the future. On average, they spent about one hour to complete these weekly pre-class tasks, but the stronger ones reported spending less time on these tasks than the other students. Almost all the students rated very highly these tasks in terms of helping them to learn and enjoyment at mid-semester and end-of-course surveys. These perceptions had weak correlations with the course grade. Suggestions for practice and future research are discussed.

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