TME(2023) Vol 4, No. 3, pp 192-200

Subjective Visual Imageries in Probability: A Study on Students’ Perspectives

Dennis Lee Jarvis B. YBANEZ*^ and Catherine P. VISTRO-YU*

*Ateneo de Manila University

^University of the Philippines Open University

Published in The Mathematician Educator, 2023, Vol 4, No. 3, pp 192-200.


Living in this volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous (VUCA) world necessitates the development of critical thinking and problem-solving skills among individuals. In this context, achieving fluency in statistics and probability plays a significant role. However, due to the highly abstract nature of the subject, particularly probability, students have difficulty understanding the concept and resort to solely relying on procedural approaches, resulting in an inability to develop the meaning of these objects. This study investigated the types of visual imageries formed by the students and how these imageries are utilized to attribute meaning to mathematical objects. There were 79 Grade 11 student participants from a public high school in Metro Manila, Philippines. Phenomenography was used to capture the different aspects and richness of their experiences. Results show that different perspectives have emerged when using the context of teks. These perspectives allow students to construct meanings for mathematical objects but require transitioning to a more structured visual representation.

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